• Document: SECTION 1. Animals of the Tundra
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SECTION 1 ANIMALS IN COLD HABITATS In this section you will learn about animals in cold habi- tats. Do you have a globe? Find the North Pole and the South Pole. The animals in Lesson 2 live near the North Pole. The animals in Lesson 3 live near the South Pole. Lesson 2 Animals of the Tundra D Y WORDS WORDS WORDS WORDS WORDS WORDS WORDS WORDS WORDS WORDS WORDS WORDS WORDS WORDS WORDS U lichens (l8•kßnz). A food that grows in the tundra. WORDS WORDS WORDS WORDS ST tundra (tßn•drß). A very cold area where trees cannot grow. WORDS WORDS WORDS WORDS WORDS WORDS WORDS WORDS WORDS WORDS WORDS WORDS WORDS WORDS WORDS Say these words to someone. Near the North Pole is the land we call the tundra. The tundra is very cold and dry. Snow covers the ground for more than half of the year. No trees can grow there, but moss, lichens, and a few other plants can. 4 Lesson 2 Can animals live in a place so cold? Yes, many animals live in the tundra. Musk Ox One of the biggest tundra animals is the musk ox. Musk oxen have long, curved horns and thick, shaggy hair. Their hair keeps them warm. Underneath their long hair is another layer of short hairs. The short hairs keep out cold and wet. Musk oxen eat the small plants that grow in the tundra. When snow covers the ground, they must scrape it away with their hoofs to find the mosses and lichens underneath. Lemming Lemmings are small tundra animals somewhat like mice. They dig warm tunnels under the ground and store seeds in their tunnels to eat. Lemmings must be very careful when they leave their tunnels, because another animal would like to eat them. That animal is the arctic fox. 5 Lesson 2 Arctic Fox Arctic foxes eat lemmings and other small animals. A fox’s coat helps it catch its food. In the winter when snow is on the ground, its coat is white. The fox looks just like its surroundings. In the summer when there is no snow, its coat is brown. It still looks like its surroundings. It is camouflaged so that it can sneak up on little animals and catch them without them seeing it. Arctic foxes have long thick fur to keep them warm. They also have small short ears. If a fox’s ears were long, they would get cold much faster. God knew that the arctic fox would need long hair and short ears for its cold habitat. God made the tundra animals just right for their habitat. Circle T or F. 1. T F A lemming is somewhat like a mouse. 2. T F No animals can live in the tundra because it is too cold. 3. T F Musk oxen have long, shaggy hair. 4. T F The arctic fox’s coat changes color in the summer. 6 Lesson 2 Match the animals to the foods they eat. 5. musk ox seeds 6. lemming lichens, mosses, and other plants 7. arctic fox lemmings and other small animals Answer these questions. 8. Why did God give tundra animals long, thick hair? 9. Why are short ears better for a cold habitat than long ears? + Do this activity. Learn about some more animals that live walrus in the tundra. Choose one of the animals polar bear from the box and read about it in the caribou encyclopedia. snowy owl ptarmigan 7 Lesson 3 Animals of Antarctica WE REMEMBER Draw a line from each phrase to mammals or reptiles. 1. lay eggs are warm-blooded reptiles feed babies milk are

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