• Document: Applying Cognitive Information Processing Theory to Career Problem Solving & Decision Making
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Applying Cognitive Information Processing Theory to Career Problem Solving & Decision Making Casey Dozier, Janet Lenz, Debra Osborn, Gary Peterson, Bob Reardon, Jim Sampson Tech Center Team Co-Directors: Senior Research Associates: Dr. Debra Osborn Dr. Jim Sampson Dr. Gary Dr. Bob Peterson Reardon FSU Research Associates: Dr. Janet Dr. Casey Lenz Dozier CIP Origins* Gary Peterson  Native Californian, arrived at FSU 1972 in research position; identified generic undergraduate problem solving skills (CASVE) and developed CIP Pyramid based on cognitive information processing theory  In 1986 convened colleagues in meetings to produce a text on the CIP system  “Kookie inventor” and dreamer; wrote Part I of 1991 text Jim Sampson  Wisconsin native, arrived at FSU from Georgia Tech in 1982; assistant professor of counseling  Wrote Part II of 1991 text and created client versions of CIP materials  Focused on implementation of CIP with development of Individual Learning Plan and 7-step service delivery *Lenz, J. L., Sampson, J. P., Jr., Peterson, G. W., & Reardon, R. C. (1992). Introduction, in Instructor’s manual for career development & services: A cognitive approach (pp. 1-8). Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole Publishing. CIP Origins* Bob Reardon Native Texan, arrived at FSU in 1963 for graduate school; accepted dual appointment in Student and Academic Affairs in 1968 Helped write Part III of 1991 text; developed peer-based career services featuring self-help and the SDS in 1972 Drew upon instructional systems design in creating career materials Key Concepts: Cognitive Information Processing (CIP) Antecedents 1) Frank Parsons (1909): “True Reasoning” • Self knowledge + Occupational knowledge  appropriate choices 2) Career decision-making theories (Gelatt; Janis & Mann; Katz; Miller-Tiedman) • Define problem • Understand causes • Formulate options • Prioritize alternatives • Implement solution and evaluate 3) Cognitive theories • Problem solving (Newel & Simon) • Hierarchical components (Sternberg) • Semantic and episodic memory (Tulving) • Generic processing skills (Woditsh) • Executive processing (Meichenbaun) Pyramid of Information Processing EXECUTIVE PROCESSING JCL DOMAIN META- COGNITION DECISION-MAKING Program files SKILLS DOMAIN CASVE CYCLE KNOWLEDGE Data files SELF- OPTIONS DOMAIN KNOWLEDGE KNOWLEDGE CASVE Cycle: Phases of Decision Making Communication Communication Execution Analysis Valuing Synthesis CIP Theory Definitions • Career Problem: Gap between existing state and desired state of decidedness • Career Decision Making: Cognitive processes involved in removing the gap including a commitment and a plan • Career Decision State: Conscious awareness of self regarding one’s career goals and aspirations • Career Decision Space: All contextual elements associated with a career problem • Readiness for Career Decision Making: Capability to manage the complexity of a career problem CIP Theory Assumptions • Career decision making involves both cognitive and affective processes • Career decision making entails effortful and deliberate thought • All individuals are capable of making informed and careful career decisions CIP Theory Proposition The aim of CIP interventions: enhance one’s capability as a career problem solver and decision maker Operations within CIP Theory • CASVE cycle (cognitive strategy) • Assessments 1) Career Thoughts Inventory (CTI) 2) Decision Space Worksheet (DSW) 3) Career Decision State Survey (CDSS) 4) Vocational Card Sort as a measure of occupational knowledge • Workbook to reframe negative thoughts • Career practitioner training • The CIP learning environment • Differentiated service delivery Use of Assessments in CIP • Readiness • Self assessments • Assessing option knowledge • Decision-ma

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