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Provided by the author(s) and NUI Galway in accordance with publisher policies. Please cite the published version when available. Insular ornamental metalwork AD 300 - 500: 'Military Style' Title inspired art in Ireland and Britain Author(s) Gavin, Fiona Publication 2014-09-30 Date Item record http://hdl.handle.net/10379/4827 Downloaded 2018-05-13T04:41:11Z Some rights reserved. For more information, please see the item record link above. Insular ornamental metalwork AD 300 – 500: ‘Military Style’ inspired art in Ireland and Britain Volume I of II Fiona Gavin This thesis is submitted to the National University of Ireland, Galway for the Degree of PhD in the School of Geography and Archaeology Supervisor: Mr. Conor Newman National University of Ireland, Galway College of Arts, Social Sciences & Celtic Studies, School of Geography and Archaeology September 2014 This research was facilitated by a scholarship from the Irish Research Council for the Humanities and Social Sciences Table of Contents Abstract --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------xxiii Acknowledgements -----------------------------------------------------------------------xxiv Abbreviations ------------------------------------------------------------------------------xxv Glossary ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------xxvi Introduction -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1 Chapter 1 - The Art of Late Antiquity ------------------------------------------------------15 1.1 The Military Style ----------------------------------------------------------------------18 1.2 Late Roman Belt Sets ------------------------------------------------------------------19 1.2.1 Late Roman Belt Sets from Britain and Ireland --------------------------22 1.3 Military Style Art -----------------------------------------------------------------------24 1.3.1 Principle Motifs ---------------------------------------------------------------28 1.4 Late Roman Hairpins of Böhme's Type Muids ------------------------------------34 1.5 The Quoit Brooch Style, the Scandinavian Sösdala and Nydam Styles and the Saxon Relief Style --------------------------------------------------------------------------36 1.5.1 Saxon Relief Style ------------------------------------------------------------37 1.5.2 Sösdala Style -------------------------------------------------------------------38 1.5.3 Nydam Style -------------------------------------------------------------------40 1.5.4 Quoit Brooch Style ------------------------------------------------------------40 1.6 Summary---------------------------------------------------------------------------------43 Chapter 2 - Insular Military Style Art in Ireland and Britain ----------------------------44 2.1 Insular Military Style Art -------------------------------------------------------------45 2.2 Fine-line Style --------------------------------------------------------------------------48 2.3 A Lexicon of Insular Military Style Motifs ----------------------------------------50 2.4 Foliate Motifs ---------------------------------------------------------------------------51 2.4.1 Berried Leaf Motifs -----------------------------------------------------------53 2.4.2 Palmette Derivatives and Peltae ---------------------------------------------54 2.4.3 Falcate Lobes with Dots; Problems with Interpretation -----------------56 2.4.4 Quatrefoil -----------------------------------------------------------------------58 2.4.5 Spoked star ---------------------------------------------------------------------60 2.5 Scrolls and Spiraliforms ---------------------------------------------------------------61 2.5.1 Fiddlehead Scrolls-------------------------------------------------------------63 i 2.5.2 Spirals ---------------------------------------------------------------------------64 2.6 Geometric Motifs -----------------------------------------------------------------------65 2.6.1 The Saltire ----------------------------------------------------------------------65 2.6.2 Annulets and Dots -------------------------------------------------------------66 2.6.3 Running Bird’s Foot ----------------------------------------------------------69 2.6.4 Vandykes -----------------------------------------------------------------------69 2.6.5 Wheat/Chevron Motif --

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