• Document: Non-Discriminating Atticus Finch in To Kill A Mockingbird
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Non-Discriminating Atticus Finch in To Kill A Mockingbird Maria Patrisia Andrianti 1213010070 Abstract A novel has many values that can be applied in daily life. One of the values is non-discriminating character that can be seen in To Kill A Mockingbird novel. This value teaches the readers how to treat people without prejudice. This paper aims at describing in what ways Atticus Finch demonstrates a non-discriminating character and the factors that influence Atticus Finch to have a non-discriminating character. The writer uses objective approach that focus on intrinsic elements of the novel. The analysis concludes that there are five ways in which Atticus Finch demonstrates his non-discriminating character and three factors that influence Atticus Finch to have a non- discriminating character. Keywords: racism, prejudice, non-discriminating, To Kill A Mockingbird. Introduction Literature does not only give the readers a fantasy of enjoying reading, but also takes the readers to understand and to learn about life experiences. Klarer (2004, p. 1) says, “Literature is referred to as the entirety of written expression, with the restriction that not every written document can be categorized as literature in the more exact sense of the word”. Literature gives pleasure to the reader by showing its writer’s vision of life, or the writer’s thoughts or ideas. One of the branches of literature is a novel. Little (1963, p. 97) points out that novels are the most widely read literary form. The average novel runs to some 300 pages. A novel is an attempt to convey imaginatively in some circumstances significant enough to have an interest for the people who might read it; it is one of the most fluent, diverse and unpredictable of the literary forms. A novel has many values which can be applied in daily life. Knickerbocker (1960, p. 431) points out that there are three types of human values (Psychological or individual value, metaphysical value, and social value). This journal focuses on psychological or individual value. To Kill A Mockingbird story happens when black people in America become the lowest level in the society and Atticus Finch as a white lawyer in Maycomb county assist Tom Robinson (a black man) who has been accused of rape. In addition, he treats people there equally no matter what happens. The readers can see non-discriminating character of Atticus Finch through his action. The author of this novel is Harper Lee; she brings the readers to the era in which pride and prejudice can be felt under the skin. The values of this novel are relevant from time to time. The Steps of Non-Discriminating Analysis of Atticus Finch First, the writer analyses the setting and the characters to find out the general idea of the story by objective approach. Second, the writer moves on to the character analysis to know and give a clear view about how the Atticus Finch as the main character on the novel behaves. Third, the writer moves on further into non-discriminating character of Atticus Finch. Fourth, the writer gives conclusion of her analyses. Atticus Finch’s Character • He cares about his children’s education. One day Scout, Atticus’ daughter is disappointed because her teacher at school does not believe that Scout as a first grader can read and write well. Atticus listens to her complaints without blaming her, and then he gives her a good advice and teaches her how to solve that problem. He teaches what compromising is to his daughter and she agrees with that. You never went to school and you do all right, so I‟ll just stay home too. You can teach me like Granddaddy taught you „n‟ Uncle Jack.” “No I can‟t,” said Atticus. “I have to make a living... (p. 39) ... “Do you know what a compromise is?” he asked. “Bending the law?” “No, an agreement reached by mutual concessions. It works this way,” he said. “If you‟ll concede the necessity of going to school, we‟ll go on reading every night just as we always have. Is it a bargain?” “Yes sir!!...(pp.41-42) • He is an objective person. He asks his children not to disturb anyone’s business. If that person wants to do something, let him or her do it. For example, Atticus children have huge curiosity about Radley Place. The rumor says that inside the house lived a malevolent phantom; even a Black man will not pass the Radley Place at night. In fact, Mr. Radley does not want to come out from his house because of the mess of humanity, pride and prejudice among white and black people that happen in the society. What Mr. Radley did was his own business. If he wanted to come out, he would. If he wanted to stay inside his own house he had the right to stay inside free from the attentions of inquisitive children, which was a mild term for the likes of us. ... What Mr. Radley di

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