• Document: Communication Strategies among Trilingual Speakers: Switching and Borrowing among Sinhala, English & Japanese Languages Prabath B.
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Theory and Practice in Language Studies ISSN 1799-2591 Volume 6, Number 9, September 2016 Contents REGULAR PAPERS PRO and (Under)Specification of Person in Imposter Constructions 1723 Kaori Furuya Communication Strategies among Trilingual Speakers: Switching and Borrowing among Sinhala, 1732 English & Japanese Languages Prabath B. Kanduboda Intertextuality and the Representation of Insults in Pro-NPP and Pro-NDC Newspapers in Ghana: A 1739 Critical Discourse Analysis Emmanuel Amo Ofori Means of Expression of Temporal Deixis by Demonstrative Pronouns in the English Language 1748 Shafagat Abdulla Mahmudova ESL/EFL Instructors’ Perceptions of the Importance of Computer-assisted Reading in L2 Reading 1753 Instruction Khalid Al-Seghayer About the Different Kinds of Meanings of a Sentence 1762 Khayala Shahverdi Aliyeva College Student Academic Motivation and Engagement in the College English Course 1767 Ming Li, Lingyun Yu, Yu Qin, Peng Lu, and Xiaohui Zhang Adaptation of Authentic Materials in English Listening Comprehension Classes 1774 Jiangfeng Liu The Effect of Immediate vs. Delayed Oral Corrective Feedback on the Writing Accuracy of Iranian 1780 Intermediate EFL Learners Hasti Yasaei A Study on the English Teaching Model in the Facebook Environment 1791 Shujing Wu On Cultivating Autonomou 1797 Xixiang Ke The Effect of Peer Interaction on Iranian EFL Learners’ Self-efficacy in Vocabulary Learning 1804 Hamid Noroozi and Ali Gholami Mehrdad A Survey on the Critical Consciousness of English Major MA Supervisors 1813 Jin Liu The Influence of Working Memory on Second Language Learning 1819 Yanan Guo The Effect of Contextual Visual Aids on High School Students' Reading Comprehension 1827 Nahid Majidi and Nader Assadi Aydinlu How the Diversity of Values Matters in Intercultural Communication 1836 Shuping Xin The Image of Woman as Motherhood in Rabindranath Tagore’s Gora 1841 Negin Karami, Sohila Faghfori, and Esmaeil Zohdi Backward Pragmatic Transfer: An Empirical Study on Compliment Responses among Chinese EFL 1846 Learners Min Cao A Study of Relationship between Translation Studies Students’ Critical Thinking Ability and the 1855 Quality of Literary Prose Text Translation Parissa Pezhman Jahromi and Samad Mirza Suzani A Summary of Research on Informatization of Specialized Language in the Framework of Sino- 1863 foreign Cooperative Education Hongyu Zhu and Yanzhen Lan The Impact of Teaching Critical Thinking Skills on Reading Comprehension of Iranian Intermediate 1869 EFL Learners Lotfollah Karimi and Farshad Veisi On Cultivating Chinese Non-English Majors’ English Thinking Ability to Improve Their English 1877 Writing Tingxiang Zhou The Impact of Feedback Provision by Grammarly Software and Teachers on Learning Passive 1884 Structures by Iranian EFL Learners Abolfazl Qassemzadeh and Hassan Soleimani ISSN 1799-2591 Theory and Practice in Language Studies, Vol. 6, No. 9, pp. 1723-1731, September 2016 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17507/tpls.0609.01 PRO and (Under)Specification of Person in Imposter Constructions* Kaori Furuya Department of World Languages, Literatures, and Culture, University of North Texas, USA Abstract—This paper examines a particular type of English control constructions that exhibits morphosyntactic variation. The constructions that are investigated are control that appears in the imposter phenomenon studied by Collins & Postal (2012). Using minimalist syntax in combination with the framework of Distributed Morphology (DM), a syntactic account is offered that validates such variation and shows evidence for PRO in infinitives with imposter constructions, rather than a trace of NP via movement. Furthermore, comparing PRO and pro for the subject gap of control, it shows that PRO can account for binding alternations unlike pro. The current analysis demonstrates that the lack of the underspecification of phi-feature valuation does not result in ungrammaticality whereas the failure of Agree itself leads to ungrammaticality. Moreover, the current analysis offers a systematic picture of the morphosyntactic variation of English nominals in terms of the person feature and it also accounts for cross-linguistic morphosyntactic variation in agreement displayed in Chinese and Japanese. Index Terms—control, PRO, binding, imposter constructions, (under)specification, the person feature, agreement

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